Robert Hartley

(20/10/1773 - 29/05/1794)

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pedigree
Born: 20/10/1773 at Colne, Lancashire Certified Father: William Hartley (03/05/1746 - 25/07/1808)
Died: 29/05/1794 of Killed in a naval battle with the French Certified Mother: Mary Robinson (04/07/1749 - 20/02/1822)
Children: Siblings: Susan Hartley (Died 09/09/1821)
John Hartley (15/06/1772 - 11/03/1848)
James Hartley (12/03/1776 - 08/03/1831)
Richard Hartley (27/03/1777 - 31/08/1832)
Peggy Hartley (05/09/1779 - 13/12/1779)
Peter Hartley (05/09/1781 - 01/08/1848)
Margaret "Peggy" Hartley (09/12/1782 - 06/03/1844)
Elijah Hartley (26/01/1788 - 16/05/1788)
William Hartley (09/04/1789 - 29/09/1848)

Married:

Notes

He was press ganged in Liverpool in 1787, and never came home again. Killed in action on the naval ship "HMS Queen" in the British Channel during an engagement with French vessels. (Information courtesy of Viv - thanks Viv!)


The Royal Navy ship "HMS Queen" was a full rigged ship with 98 guns that was under the command of Captain John Hutt and Rear-Admiral Alan Gardner. It had 3 decks and was launched on 18 September 1769. It originally had 90 guns, but 8 more were added in the 1780's. During the 'Glorious First of June' battle with the French the ship was badly cut up and both Robert Hartley and Captain John Hutt were among those who lost their lives. (It was the first major naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars.)


From Wikipedia:
The Glorious First of June (also known as the Third Battle of Ushant and in French as the Bataille du 13 prairial an 2) is the British name for a naval battle fought in the Atlantic Ocean on 28 and 29 May and June 1, 1794 between the Royal Navy and the navy of Revolutionary France. It was the first major naval battle of the French Revolutionary Wars.


At the outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars Hutt gained command of the 98-gun second rate HMS Queen, the result of patronage by Rear-Admiral Alan Gardner who had commanded Hutt in the West Indies and now personally requested him for this prestigious command.[1] Hutt joined Gardner in the West Indies and Queen was involved in the first unsuccessful attempt to capture Martinique in 1793.[1] A few months later, Gardner's squadron was attached to the Channel Fleet and with that force, under Admiral Lord Howe, Queen participated in the Glorious First of June.

In fact, although Queen was heavily engaged at the action of 1 June 1794, Hutt was in no position to command her. On 29 May 1794, as the fleets manouvered into position for the main engagement, the French fleet attempting to draw the British away from the convoy, Queen exchanged shots with a number of French ships. The engagement was inconclusive but Hutt was grievously wounded by a cannonball which took one of his legs off.[1] During the main engagement four days later, Hutt was below decks in the ships sick bay.
Hutt was landed at Spithead a few days after the battle, and despite his serious injury, doctors indicated that he was likely to make a full recovery. Unfortunately, a few days later, infection set into the wound and Hutt died on 30 June 1794 as a result.

The French had lost 7 ships during the battle, with a further 13 severely damaged, and had suffered perhaps 1,500 killed, 2,000 wounded and 3,000 captured, while the British had 8 seriously damaged ships, 287 killed and 811 wounded.
Source: Wikipedia




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